Wedged between the high wall of the Himalaya and the steamy jungles of the Indian plains, Nepal is a land of snow peaks and Sherpas, yaks and yetis, monasteries and mantras. Nepal is a nation of villages and terraced hillsides – more than eighty percent of the population lives off the land, sampling this simple lifestyle is perhaps the greatest pleasure of all. Nepal is a made country up of the many different landscapes including forest and mountains. It is a secular country, with various religions being practiced within it, the two main being Hinduism and Buddhism. It is a republic country with the monarchy being ended during the Nepalese civil war in 2008 ending the reign of the last Hindu monarchy in the world. Its capital, Kathmandu is a thriving and vibrant city, hosting many travelers due to it being the gateway the Nepalese Himalayas. Thamel is a thriving tourist center of Kathmandu, hosting wonderful shops, great bars, and many charming.
Welcome to Nepal
Nepal has monsoonal climate having four main seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter.
Below is a general guide to conditions at different seasons:
January to March (winter): In this season temperature will decrease at often 0°C (32°F) at night, with extreme cold at high elevations. It is possible to trek in places like the Everest region during the winter but due to extreme cold weather and heavy snow fall it may be quite difficult than as usual.
April to June (summer): In these months it is quite warm and dry weather. There is an abundance of blooming flowers in the Himalayas at this time, with rhododendrons, in particular, adding a splash of color to the landscape. This season is the best time to undertake mountain expeditions.
June to September (Monsoon): There will be heavy monsoonal rainfall in this season. Rains are generally lighter in high Himalayan reasons. In this season the mountain ranges are not often visible due to the clouds.
October to December (autumn): These months are cool and clear which is due to the end of monsoon, there is little dust in the air so this is the best season to visit the hilly and mountainous regions.
Visa in Nepal can be acquired on arrival at Tribhuwan International Airport, Kathmandu and also at the border entry points in Kakadvitta, Birgunj, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Gaddachowki border of Nepal – India and Kodari on Nepal-China border. Visa can also acquire at the nearest Nepal Embassy. For visa renewal purpose you can contact at Department of Immigration, Kalikasthan at Kathmandu. A valid passport and one passport -size photo with a light background is required. Visa can be obtained only through payment of cash in the following currency: Euro, Swiss Franc, Pound Sterling, US Dollar, Australian Dollar, Canadian Dollar, Hong Kong Dollar, Singapore Dollar, and Japanese Yen. Credit cards, Indian currency, and Nepali currency are not accepted as payment of visa fees.
Visa Facility Duration Fee
Multiple entry 15 days US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 30 days US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 90 days US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency
Access To Nepal
All baggage must be declared and cleared through customs on arrival at the port of entry. Passengers arriving at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) without any dutiable goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick clearance without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable articles, you have to pass through the Red Channel for detailed customs clearance.
Apart from used personal belongings, visitors are allowed to bring to Nepal free of duty cigarettes (200) or cigars (50), distilled liquor (one 1.15 liter bottle), and film (15 rolls). You can also bring in the following articles free of duty on condition that you take them out with you when you leave: binoculars, movie or video camera, still camera, laptop computer, and portable music system.
It is illegal to export objects over 100 years old (sacred images, paintings, manuscripts) that are Customs:
All baggage must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival at the port of entry. Passengers arriving at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) without any dutiable goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick clearance without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable articles, you have to pass through the Red Channel for detailed customs clearance.
The Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) in Kathmandu is Nepal’s only International Airport. The national flag carrier Nepal Airlines has direct flights to and from Delhi, Mumbai, Dubai, Doha, Bangkok, Hongkong and Kuala Lumpur. Air Arabia (Sharjah), Air China (Lhasa, Chengdu), ArkeFly(Amsterdam ), Bahrain Air (Bahrain ), Biman Bangladesh (Dhaka), China Southern Airlines (Guanzhou), China Eastern (Kunming), Dragon Air (Hong Kong), Druk Air (Delhi, Paro), Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi), GMG Airlines (Dhaka), Gulf Air (Bahrain, Muscat), Indian Airlines (Delhi, Calcutta, Varanasi), Jet Airways (Delhi, Mumbai), Jet Lite (Delhi), Korean Air (Seoul), Pakistan International Airlines (Karachi), Qatar Airways (Doha), Silk Air (Singapore) and Thai Airways (Bangkok) are other international airlines operating.
Airfares should be paid in foreign currency by foreign nationals and it may fluctuate with the changes in exchange rates. Only Nepalese and Indian nationals are permitted to pay in rupees for air passage between Nepal and India. Departure flight tickets should be reconfirmed three days in advance to avoid inconveniences by possible flight cancellation or changes in the flight schedule. Overweight luggage charges are levied in foreign exchange.
Only designated entry points should be used by all visitors to enter Nepal. The entry points are:
- Belaya, Bhairahawa
- Mahendra Nagar
- Kodari, Nepal-China border
The overland tourists entering the country with their vehicles must possess an international carnet or complete customs formalities.
Domestic Air Service: There is an extensive network of air services in the interior of Nepal. Nepal Airlines (NA) has scheduled connection flights from Kathmandu to Taplejung, Bhadrapur, Rajbiraj, Bhojpur, Phaplu, Lukla, Lamidanda, Tunmlingtar, Rumjatar, Biratnagar Simara, Janakpur, Ramechhap, Bharatpur, Meghauli, Pokhara, Jomsom, Manang, Baglung. Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj Chaurjhahari, Surkhet, Dang, Dolpa, Jumla, Bajura, Baitadi, Dipayal, Darchula, Mahendranagar, Dhangadi, Tikapur and Sanfebagar. Besides Nepal Airlines, there are other domestic airlines such as Buddha Air, Yeti Air, Agni Air Sita Air Tara Air providing regular and charter services to popular domestic destinations.
You can easily get a taxi recognized by the taxi sign and black number plates. There is also an arrangement of a Night Taxi Service operated by major hotels. You can also rent a private car through a travel agent or a car rental company.
Bus Services: Many buses, minibuses and microbuses are available at Ratna Park (old Bus Park) that operates to various destinations in the valley. Also safa tempos running on electric power (battery) are available in Kathmandu. Long distance day or night bus services are available from Kathmandu to all cities of Nepal. Special tourist bus services to a limited number of destinations like Pokhara and Chitwan are also accessible.
Altitude Sickness: The main and common risk while trekking above about 2500m is Altitude sickness. Altitude sickness is caused by acute exposure to the low partial pressure of oxygen at high altitudes. The available amount of oxygen to sustain mental and physical alertness decreases with altitude. Available oxygen drops as the air density itself, the number of molecules (of both oxygen and nitrogen) per given volume, drops as altitude increases. So don’t ignore it, if you have any symptoms then descending to a lower altitude is the only option.
Have some means to purify water, iodine or a fine ceramic filter are the best options. The streams should be considered polluted and whilst bottled water is often available, the disposal of plastic bottles is a problem.
Electricity in Nepal
Nepal is a developing country, Outside of major cities area electricity on trekking can be scares. You should have to pay 100-800 NRs per hour to charge goods on many lodges and also many tea-house treks, including in Annapurna base camp trek, Everest Base camp trek and many others treks also. Chargers often won’t work on low power solar systems you find right up in the mountains so u can buy alternative bayonet light to electricity power plug converter, which will only works in low voltage is high\low. The standard Nepalese electrical outlet is a three-pronged triangle so bring three-pronged triangle chargers.
Respect to Local Peoples
In Nepal, “Namaste” or “Namaskar” is said to an older or high-status person with palms together, figure up. It is used to greet a person in place of goodbye or hello. There is no limitation how many times you say “Namaste” but, it is better if you say once per person, per day. If You want to say “Thank You” then you can say “Dhanyabaad.